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lundi 17 novembre 2014

SWAMP BLUES n° 2



SWAMP BLUES Volume 2



            Comme nous l'avons déjà dit, le Swamp blues est largement l'oeuvre du producteur J.D. Miller.
            Né à Iota (La) le 5 mai 1922, J.D. Miller est très jeune un fan de Gene Autry et ses parents lui achètent un petit modèle de guitare à l'effigie de son idole lorsqu'il a huit ans. La famille Miller s'installe à Lake Charles en 1933. Très vite, le petit J.D. devient un guitariste renommé. Il anime une émission régulière de radio en 1937, chantant et jouant de la guitare entre deux présentations publicitaires. Peu de temps après, J.D. Miller s'installe à Crowley capitale du riz en Louisiane. J.D. participe alors à plusieurs orchestres locaux: les Four Aces de son ami Happy Fats, les Hackberry Ramblers, les Riverside Ramblers... Il enregistre avec les Four Aces pour Bluebird, fonde avec les frères Breaux les Musical Aces. Sa rencontre au début des années 40 avec les chefs d'orchestre Bob Wills et Cliff Bruner est déterminante. Il gardera toujours une admiration sans bornes pour eux et un goût considérable pour le Western Swing, son feeling, sa spontanéité, son invention. En même temps, il poursuit des études d'électricien, métier qui semble pouvoir lui servir dans la musique, sa véritable passion.
            Mais les temps vont changer pour l'Amérique. Miller part à la guerre plusieurs années, revient avec un petit pactole en " obligations de guerre ". Il se marie avec Georgia Sonnier, la fille du célèbre accordéoniste cajun Lee Sonnier. En combinant sa paie de guerre et la dot de sa femme, J.D. ouvre une petite boutique d'électricité, la M & S (Miller & Sonnier) Electric C° sur North Parkerson à Crowley qui deviendront aussi ses studios d'enregistrement.
            Ce nouveau volume de Swamp blues comprend la totalité des enregistrements de Jimmy Anderson. Né le 21 novembre 1934 à Woodville
près de Natchez (Ms), Jimmy Anderson a fréquenté son compatriote Papa Lightfoot avec lequel il a appris à jouer de l'harmonica. Mais ce sont les disques de Jimmy Reed qui vont façonner son style de blues. Venu travailler à Baton Rouge, Anderson forme un blues band (les Joy Jumpers qui comprennent le fils de Silas Hogan, Oscar Hogan) et joue dans les bars locaux. C'est Hogan qui emmène Anderson à Crowley, le présente à Miller qui lui fait faire ses débuts discographiques en 1962. Jimmy obtient de petits succès locaux avec Naggin' ou Going Crazy over TV. Mais la décennie des 60's voit la défaveur du blues parmi les acheteurs noirs américains et Anderson abandonne la musique et prend un emploi de policier municipal dans sa ville natale de Natchez. Cependant le démon de la musique le taraude et dès 1973, il anime une émission régulière de radio sur WNAT ainsi que des soirées en clubs sous le surnom de Soul Man Lee. Redécouvert en 1991, il participe à une tournée internationale d'anciennes gloires du Swamp Sound (blues, rock et pop) mise en place par Johnnie Allen. Il retourne plusieurs fois en Europe mais après une attaque en 1999, Anderson s'est retiré de la musique. Il décède le 5 octobre 2013 à Natchez.
            Si Ramblin' Hi Harris et Blues Boy Dorsey sont de fort bons représentants du Swamp blues, nul ne sait qui ils sont vraiment. C'est J.D. Miller qui, retrouvant des bandes inédites et ne se souvenant que très vaguement de ceux qu'il avait enregistrés leur a attribué leurs noms de disque! Il est malgré tout probable que Blues Boy soit le chanteur et guitariste Henry Dorsey, un bluesman renommé autour de Rayville (La).
            Quoi qu'il en soit, les oeuvres de Harris, Dorsey ou Anderson démontrent toute la qualité de ce Swamp blues.
                                                                       Gérard HERZHAFT

            As already said, the so-called Swamp Blues style is largely due to the wise hand of producer J.D. Miller.
            Born in Iota (La), May 5th, 1922, J.D. Miller was a Gene Autry's fan
and learned to play the guitar at 8 years old. The Miller Family came to live in Lake Charles in 1933 and then in Crowley. In that very strong musical area (local bands abounded), J.D. became a proficient guitarist and held a radio programme where he sang and played while advertising for local venues and products. He was also a regular member of several bands: Happy Fats' Four Aces with whom he recorded for the Bluebird label, Hackberry Ramblers, Riverside Ramblers. But after a meeting with Western Swing stars Bob Wills and Cliff Burner, J.D. turned to be more and more a jazz, Swing and blues fan. He also finished his studies to be an electrician, rightly thinking that it could help him in his passion for music. Miller, drafted during the war years, came back with war bonds. Then married with Georgia Sonnier, daughter of the famous Cajun accordion player Lee Sonnier, the couple opened their own shop in Crowley: M&S (Miller & Sonnier) Electrical C° that would soon house their famous recording studios.
            Swamp blues n°2 opens with the complete Louisiana recordings of Jimmy Anderson. Born 21 November 1934 at Woodland, Ms, Jimmy spent his childhood in Natchez and learned the harmonica with Papa Lightfoot before falling into the spell of Jimmy Reed's records. While working in Baton Rouge, Jimmy formed his own blues band, The Joy Jumpers with Oscar Hogan on the drums, the son of Silas. This is thanks to Hogan that Anderson came to Crowley to meet J.D. Miller, beginning in 1962 a couple of recording years with some local Hits (Naggin' or Goin' crazy over T.V.). But the late 60's were lean years for the bluesmen, the African American public deserting the blues for other musical genres. When relocating in Natchez, Jimmy gave up the life of a musician for a secure job as a local police officer. But the bug was still there and, as Soul Man Lee, Anderson hosted for two decades a successful radio programme n WNAT. He acted also as a local DJ in several clubs. Rediscovered by Johnnie Allen, Jimmy resumed his stage presence for several successful tours overseas before a severe stroke forced him to retire. He died on 5 October 2013 in Natchez.
            If Ramblin' Hi Harris and Blues Boy Dorsey are very good blues artists, their names were given by J.D. Miller years after they recorded for him. Their music was on tapes with only an "Anonymous" tag and were not issued at that time. Miller remembered them only vaguely. According to recent researches, it seems anyway more than possible that "Blues Boy" is in fact a well known bluesman from Rayville (La), Henry Dorsey.
By far the best book documenting the rich South Louisiana musics
                                                           Gérard HERZHAFT

SWAMP BLUES/ Volume 2
JIMMY ANDERSON, vcl/hca; Eugene Dozier, g; Andrew Taylor, g; Oscar Hogan, dms. Crowley, La. 1962
01. I wanna boogie
02. Angel please
Jimmy Anderson, vcl/hca; Eugene Dozier, g; Andrew Taylor, g; Oscar Hogan, dms. Crowley, La. 1963
03. Naggin!
04. Keep on naggin'
05. Nothing in the world
06. I'm a king bee #1
07. I'm a king bee #2
08. Going through the park
09. In the dark in the park
10. Draft board blues
11. When I play my harp
12. Frankie & Johnnie
Jimmy Anderson, vcl/hca; Al Foreman, g; Bobby Mc Bride, g; Rufus Thibodeaux, bs; Austin Broussard, dms. Crowley, La. 1964
13. Shut your mouth
14. Goin' crazy over T.V.
15. Baby let's burn
16. It's half past midnight
17. I want you I need you
18. Love me babe
Jimmy Anderson, vcl/hca; same band; add: Katie Webster, og. Crowley, La. 1965
19. Ain't gonna let her go
20. Rats & roaches on your mind
BLUES BOY DORSEY (Henry Dorsey), vcl/g; band. Crowley, La. 1962
21. Come here to me #1
22. Come here to me #2
23. Don't do that to me
24. Walking out my door
RAMBLIN' HI HARRIS, vcl/g; band. Crowley, La. 1959
25. Trying to call my baby
26. Early one morning
27. I haven't got a home

29 commentaires:

  1. Swamp blues Volume 2

    http://www55.zippyshare.com/v/55600481/file.html

    OK?

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  2. Great thanks, for your hard, but beautiful work - Gerard!

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  3. Wow Gerard. Thank you very much again for the lovely music. It's much appreciated by me.

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  4. Merci bcp ! J'adore le swamp blues depuis longtemps

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  5. Pour info, Jimmy Anderson -que je connaissais un peu lui ayant rendu visite à plusieurs reprises- a aussi enregistré avec le Mojo Blues Band. Des titres sont disponibles sur le disque "Blues Roll On!", sur "Blues Parade 2000", et peut-être même d'autres. Olga Records basé en France avait il y a quelques années réédité toutes (je pense) ses faces sur un cdr. l'entireté des rentrée financières allaient à JImmy en personne.... Jimmy était à nouveau parfois actif depuis le milieu des années 2000, il continuait parfois à chanter, à jouer un peu d'harmonica , et à se produisait rarement à Natchez 'et dans les alentours. Le magazine français ABS lui avait consacré un article il y a quelques années suite à une première visite chez lui en 2008. C'était un grand monsieur et un homme charmant et attachant totalement oublié par le monde du blues!!

    jean-Pierre

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    Réponses
    1. Merci des infos. Je connais les titres que Jimmy Anderson a faits plus récemment mais j'arrête la plupart du temps les recueils aux années 1970.

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  6. Too bad, it seems like the zippyshare link is not working...

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    Réponses
    1. It works very fine for me....
      http://www55.zippyshare.com/v/55600481/file.html
      Check your ISP... The best is never to use IE that is by far the worst ISP of them all.

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  7. Chaque fois qu'il y a un nouveau "post" sur votre blog , je me dis : "quelle chance j'ai de pouvoir découvrir des nouveautés après des longues années de collecter du blues" .
    Les informations , le son , le choix des artistes : tout est … je ne trouve pas les mots ,donc voila juste un grand MERCI une nouvelle fois !
    Marc(fr)

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  8. Thanks for these interesting Swamp Blues comps Gerard. Back in the mid 1970s I was corresponding with Jay Miller and he agreed to a postal interview. One of the main areas of the interview was Jimmy Anderson as at that time virtually zero was known about him. The resulting interview first appeared in the Australian Blues Society's "Crazy Music", then it was picked up by Jefferson and translated to Swedish. But unfortunately I no longer have a copy.

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  9. Does the term "rear cover artwork" mean anything to you...?

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    Réponses
    1. Well... Those comps have no existence at all outside this blog. I don't take a previously existing record and post it. So I DO EVERYTHING from gathering the music (very often from 45 and 33 or copies from generous friends), putting it in the most logical order, giving discographical details and writing a documented article about the musicians. I even CREATE a front cover. So if you want to do the same for "rear cover artwork", please do so... And Anonymous, whoever you are (why don't you give your name?), please be sure that you're utterly FREE not to come to this blog just to benefit from my work without doing nothing by yourself...

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    2. Thanks for the fine work you do ! (Even without the "rear cover Artwork" ;) )

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  10. Hi Gerard, I finally bought your book. I bought the English edition on line in the US. The Spanish edition was very expensive in Spain and exorbitant cost to bring it to America. Great work, congratulations !!
    And now another thanks for this second volume of Swan Blues.
    Kindle regards
    Pablo Crossroads from Montevideo

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    Réponses
    1. Muchas gracias, Pablo. Hola a todos los bluesfans en Montevideo y Uruguay

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  11. "rear cover artwork"...lol...that's great, had a good laugh over that this morning.

    What's next Gerard? Maybe a gatefold cover with pop-up figures of bluesmen :-)

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  12. Hi Gerard, would not be a bad idea if you added the lyrics of the blues in the " rear cover artwork"......jejeje...forgive him, he know not what he say. In spanish we say " perdónalo, no sabe lo que dice"

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  13. trés belle compile complete
    BBB

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  14. Thank you very much for these fantastic swamp blues compilations, Gerard. Ramblin' Hi Harris has a particularly fine voice. Did he really have no other opportunities to record? Could this be a pseudonym for somebody else?

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    Réponses
    1. In fact, despite efforts from many a researcher (including mines), nobody seems to have unveiled the real identity of Ramblin' Hi Harris who is, as is written here, just a nom de disque given by Miller. And so it is quite possible that Harris is also another bluesman who has recorded under another name. Some has even said he was a young Buddy Guy who recorded two (or three?) tracks in Louisiana before going to Chicago...

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  15. Dear Gerard, following comments about Ramblin 'Hi Harris I started to complete the Legendary Jay Miller Sessions series. I had only 12 or 15 and finally was able to get all 57 discs. But the volumes 46 and 53 do not exist. I looked at Wirz and other discographies and reportedly were not edited. Is it true? I have to establish that Uncle Gill was an invaluable help in the search.
    Kind regards
    Pablo from Montevideo

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    Réponses
    1. I guess you're right. Volumes 46 and 53 seems to have never been issued. I don't know why. Remember that series were not Jay Miller's idea but Bruce Bastin's. He delved into the unbelievable deep Miller's vaults and unearthed those hundreds of unissued sides publishing them on his Flyright label. Those British blues researchers did a huge work indeed and musy be thanked eternally

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  16. Great comp yet again! Thank you,the ol' MP3 player will be groovin' yet again!

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  17. OK. Thanks for the answer. And honors to B.Bastin too!
    regards
    pablo

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  18. Gerard, thanks for another great compilation and for all the hard work it takes to keep this excellent blog going. Try not to listen to what idiots say, it only encourages them

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